In Africa, particularly in the Savannah locale, where the climate is dry and seriously hit by environmental change conditions, making it hard for some trees to endure or flourish, the Baobab Tree endures, flourishes and furthermore fills in as wellspring of daily routine for some experiencing animals throughout the entire year.
The Baobab Tree with its logical name “Adansonia digitate”, is known by various names. While some consider it the monkey bread tree, lemonade tree, topsy turvy tree, others in Africa consider it the famous tree, the ‘Enchantment Tree or the Tree of Life’. This could be ascribed to the novel idea of this tree species.
It is extremely huge to call attention to that separated from the Baobab Tree’s capacity to withstand environmental change and dry spell, it has the capability of engrossing and putting away water during the stormy season in its enormous trunk stem and delivers concentrated supplement filled natural products just as give food, water and asylum for people and creatures during the dry season when most plants battle for water to endure.
Despite the fact that it could be found in scarcely any nations outside the African Continent, the Baobab Tree which can develop to a tallness of around five to 30 meters and trunk breadth of around seven to 11 meters, develops in most African nations including Ghana and could live up over 1,500 years.
All aspects of it is entirely significant running from the bark, trunk, leaves, and natural products to the seeds and has loads of financial advantages. It is accordingly to be expected that it is alluded to as “the Tree of Life”.
Customary and social essentialness
Aside the previously mentioned critical estimations of the Tree, most African people group including Ghana, to be explicit the five locales of the north connect some profound significance and social qualities to the Baobab Tree. A run of the mill model is that most networks in the Upper East Region have their genealogical holy places in the woods of baobab trees where they perform penances to their predecessors.
“A large number of the Frafra people group in the Upper East Region, consider Baobab tree (Tuah) as their god and they accept their predecessors abide in them, where they regularly go to offer penances,” Mr Atanga Adoor, one of the conservatives from the Nayorigo people group in the Bongo District told this essayist.
Moreover, the conventions and social qualities, the Baobab is interesting as in during memorial service exhibitions particularly the last memorial service customs of older folks, the baobab most particularly the seeds are a noteworthy aspect of the food arrangements and in some Frafra people group the rituals would not be finished without the utilization of the baobab seeds at specific stages, while the mash is generally utilized as matured water to plan nourishments like customary ‘Tuozaafi’ and ‘Zoom-koom’.
Food, nourishment and medical advantages
The baobab tree has food and dietary advantages unquestionably beyond what one can envision and researchers have it that, it is one of the most supplement thick nourishments on the planet, going from its leaves known as ‘kuka’, in Hausa, natural products, to the seeds and even the bark which is utilized for making ropes.
In a meeting with the Ghana News Agency, Dr Gustav Mahunu, a Food Scientist, University for Development Studies, Nyankpala Campus, Tamale, said the leaves which can be utilized new or dried, are plentiful in iron and different nutrients and generally used to plan soup.
“The dry mash of the organic product, after division from the seeds and fiber is eaten straightforwardly blended into porridge or milk. The tree likewise gives wellspring of fiber, color and fuel while the seeds can be utilized as thickener for soup, possibly matured into preparing, broiled for direct utilization or beat to remove oil which is useful for utilization and the corrective business,” he said.
Aside the previously mentioned benefits appended to the baobab tree, the fiber of the tree is additionally useful for the blending business since it goes about as an impetus for a large number of the beverages and could be utilized for savor creation the manufactory business.
Moreover, the baobab mash from the dry natural product has a high substance of nutrients. Truth be told, research directed has demonstrated that the baobab powder has four fold the amount of nutrient C as orange and banana and turns into the ideal characteristic invulnerable framework sponsor particularly in the period of the spread of the novel Covid illness.
An enormous level of nectar in the Upper East Region is created from the baobab trees as honey bees take seed water (nectar), which is sweet to make nectar.
Markets availability and Foreign trade
Aside from the food and dietary benefit, the Baobab is noted for its capability to engage rustic family units and add to financial improvement of the country.
One of only a handful not many associations that is putting forth attempts in the region of advancing and tapping the capability of the baobab is the Organization for Indigenous Initiatives and Sustainability (ORGIIS), a situation centered association that is into handling of baobab powder in the Kassena-Nankana and Builsa territories in the Upper East Region for send out.
Mr Julius Awaregy, the Executive Director, ORGISS, in a meeting with GNA, clarified that the NGO was into the handling of baobab natural products into powder for send out.
He said yearly the NGO can send out a normal of 70 metric tons (70,000 Kg) of baobab powder to the United Kingdom (UK) and Burkina Faso while others were being sold locally.
“We can’t satisfy the market need particularly from the European world in light of the fact that in the created world they understood the healthy benefit of baobab and the interest for it is high.
“At the point when the COVID-19 broke out I needed to send three 20-seater compartments to UK on three continuous weeks. We got request from Aduna Company Limited in UK to deliver 80 metric huge amounts of baobab powder in 2019 and we had the option to do around 75 metric tons, so we are short by five metric tonness, which implies we have more interest than we can gracefully.
“We have one organization in South Africa called Dollar which is utilizing it to make kids’ food, blending baobab in with wheat, sorghum, maize to set up youngsters’ food. It is excellent for youngsters as nutrients are significant for the advancement of kids,” he said.
As per measurements from the Ghana Export Promotion Authority, the fare of shea nuts and oil added up to US$14,103,332 and 64,785,768 individually in 2018, be that as it may, contributing and advancing baobab would make occupations for the Ghanaian youth, yet would round up more unfamiliar trade for the nation than the shea.
Business creation and monetary strengthening
As per the Executive Director of ORGISS, work openings have been made for the defenseless in their operational regions and were having effect on the jobs of the provincial inhabitants.
“Consistently we have 238 ladies utilized for a time of a half year from December to May simply chipping away at baobab preparing in our organization and we pay each GH?15.00 every day and they work six days in seven days.
“My office utilized 15 staff to prepare and manufacture the limit of ladies on reasonable assortment of the baobab organic products, so they don’t gather all the organic products to dodge recovery issues just as quality handling and we are likewise working with around 1500 ladies who gather the baobab natural products.
Mr Awaregy said 28 ladies are utilized to clean the natural products consistently for a half year and are paid GH?5.00 per sack and the organization measures moderately 7,000 packs of 38kg, those ladies who do the wild picking and assortment are paid GH?50.00 for 38kilograms of baobab.
He said ladies have been prepared in baobab juice readiness, while the organization connects with two vehicle organizations as well as around seven stacking young men who are paid GH?2.00 for each sack.
As a component of commitments towards expanding the tree populace, ORGISS Ghana is into the nursing, planting and uniting of the baobab trees.
In 2019 ORGISS delivered 25,000 seedlings of which 15,000 went to Burkina Faso and in 2020, 17,000 seedlings have been created while ranchers from networks and family units in the Kassena-Nankana Municipal, Kassena-Nankana West, Builsa North and Builsa South and the Nahouri area in Burkina Faso upheld to develop the baobab trees.
“At the point when you plant a baobab tree it takes between ten to fifteen years to develop when not upset, however we need to make it natural product by seven years, so we began four years prior to medical attendant and join and we have developed some in one of our networks,” he included.
In spite of its extraordinary potential to make conventional work to improve vocations of country networks, much has not been finished by government and different partners to saddle the possibilities of the Baobab not even the Ghana Export Promotion Authority has considered it as an important Non-Traditional financial fare.
It is without a doubt obvious that when the correct speculation is made to outfit the possibilities of baobab, it would impel incredible monetary development and add to the accomplishment of the SDGs especially objectives one, two and three.
To accomplish the nation’s industrialization plan and the Ghana Beyond Aid, there should be enterprising broadening in the zone of the baobab on the grounds that the ORGISS produce and fare in its crude structure. This implies organizations can be set up to enhance the powder by handling it into completed items, for example, juice and youngsters’ food among others.
The interest for the baobab seedlings is high abroad, especially Burkina Faso. Ghana government through the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation and their specialties could put resources into the creation of baobab seedlings and fare them to these nations.
Because of its popularity in Burkina Faso prompting over gathering, the legislature of Burkina Faso has set a restriction on wild reaping of baobab and in this manner they troop into Ghana through the fringes especially northern outskirts to collect these trees making